Adana Raag Bandish 16 Matras Allap Taan Music Notes In English

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Adana Raag
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Adana Raag is believed to have originated from Asavari thaat. In this raag Ga(k) Dha(k) & Ni(k) are used as komal swar and both the Nishad are used. Ga is not used in aaroh and Wakra in avaroh,so its jati is Shadav-Sampurn(5,6). In this raag Sa* & Pa are Vadi & Samvadi swar .The singing time of this raag is 12 am to 3 am(the third part of the day). 

Adana Raag

How To Read Sargam Notes –

  • “.” is used for Mandra saptak(Lower octave notes) swars.eg- .Pa
  • “*” is user for Taar Saptak (Higher Octave notes) Swars eg – Pa*
  • “(k)” small character is used for komal swars.eg – ( Re(k) , Ga(k) , Dha(k) , Ni(k) )
  • Ma(t) here “(t)” is used for showing teevra swar Ma(t) .
  • “-” is used for Holdong the notes according to the Song.
  • Swars written “ReGa” in this manner means they are playing fast or two swars on one beat.
  • Ma(Ga) or (Ga)Ma Here Ga is Kan Swar or Sparsh Swar and Ma is Mool Swar. (You Can skip the kan swar if not understand how to play)
  • Swars written [ Ni(k)  Pa ] in this manner they are playing or singing in sliding mode means Meend acc to Indian music .
  • { NiSa*Re*Sa* Ni } here this braket {} is used for showing Khatka in which swars are playing fast .

Description Of Raag:-

Aaroh – Sa Re Ma Pa, Dha(k) Ni Sa*.

Avaroh- Sa* Dha(k) Ni(k) Pa, Ma Pa Ga(k) Ma Re Sa.

Pakad- Ma Pa Dha(k) Ni Sa*, Dha(k) Ni(k) Pa, Ma Pa Ga(k) Ma Re Sa.

Thaat- Asavari thaat

Varjit swar – Ga

Vadi-Samvadi swar – Pa & Sa*

Jati-  Shadav Sampurn(6,7)

Singing Time – 12 Am to 3 am(the third part of the day). 

Important Notes:-

1. Explanation of this raag is not found in ancient sanskrit granth. This raag mentioned in ‘Raag Tarangini’ write by lochan kavi of medieval. It’s proove this raag is born and developed in medieval period.

2.Before some time some singer was use shudh dhaivat (Dha) in Adana. But now follower of this faith are almost Nil.

3.Seeing Adana’s Avroh, it’s turn out that gandhar swar is absolutely forbidden in Aaroh, but it is not. Sometimes komal gandhar is less used in Aaroh, As- Ni(k) Sa   Ga(k) Ma. But in Avroh komal Ga is curve use-As- Ga(k) Ma Re Sa. Gandhar is forbidden in Aaroh of Adana that time when sarang organ are used. Aaroh of sarang organ is more popular.

4.Some singers believe in this is combination of megh and kanhda or sughrai kanhda and sarang.

5.Sudh Ni are used in Aaroh and in Avaroh komal Ni (k). Sometimes komal Ni also used in aaroh, As- Ma Pa Ni Dha(k) Ni(k) Re Sa*.

6.This is playing in middle and higher octaves. Therefore it’s start with Madhyam and Nishad of middle octave and Rishabh of higher octave mostly.

7.This is utrang pradhan raag.

8.It is one of 18 types of kanhda. Which is more popular as comparison to others.

Swar of nyas- Pa and Sa*.

Isotype raag – Darbari kanhda and Nayki Kanhda.

Darbari – Ma Pa Ni Dha – Dha Ni(k) [ Sa*, Dha(k) ] – [ Ni(k) Pa ].

Adana – Ma Pa Dha(k) – Ni(k) Sa, Re Sa* Ni(k) Sa*, Dha(k) Ni (k)Pa.

Important swar combination:-

1. Sa*Ni(k) Dha(k) Ni(k) Sa*.

2.MaPaNiSa* Ma* Ga(k)* Ma* Re* Sa*.

3.SaReMaPa Ni(k) Dha(k)Ni(k) Dha(k) Ni(k) Pa.

4.Sa Re Ma Pa Ni(k) Dha(k) Ni(k) Sa*, Re* Sa*.

Study of swar:-

Sa – general

Re – Alanghan bahutv

Ga – langhan alpatv in Aaroh but sometimes Alanghan bahutv on special place and Alanghan bahutv in avaroh.

Ma – Alanghan bahutv

Pa – Bahutv of both types

Dha – Alanghan bahutv

Ni – Alanghan bahutv

Adana Raag question answer –

What are the Aaroh, Avaroh & Pakad of Adana Raag ?

Aaroh – Sa Re Ma Pa, Dha(k) Ni Sa*.
Avaroh- Sa* Dha(k) Ni(k) Pa, Ma Pa Ga(k) Ma Re Sa.
Pakad- Ma Pa Dha(k) Ni Sa*, Dha(k) Ni(k) Pa, Ma Pa Ga(k) Ma Re Sa.

What is the Jati of Adana Raag?

Jati-  Shadav-Sampurn(6,7)

What is the singing time of Adana Raag?

Singing Time – 12 Am to 3 am(the third part of the day). 


Which notes are used in Adana Raag?

Aaroh – Sa Re Ma Pa, Dha(k) Ni Sa*.
Avaroh- Sa* Dha(k) Ni(k) Pa, Ma Pa Ga(k) Ma Re Sa.
Pakad- Ma Pa Dha(k) Ni Sa*, Dha(k) Ni(k) Pa, Ma Pa Ga(k) Ma Re Sa.

What is the Thaat of Adana Raag?

Thaat – Asavari Thaat

What are the Vadi- Samvadi Swar of Adana Raag?

Vadi-Samvadi swar – Pa & Sa*

What is the introduction of Adana Raag?

Adana Raag is believed to have originated from Asavari thaat. In this raag Ga(k) Dha(k) & Ni(k) are used as komal swar and both the Nishad are used. Ga is not used in aaroh and Wakra in avaroh,so its jati is Shadav-Sampurn(5,6). In this raag Sa* & Pa are Vadi & Samvadi swar .The singing time of this raag is 12 am to 3 am(the third part of the day). 

What are the Vadi- Samvadi Swar of Adana Raag?

Varjit swar – Ga