Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande Biography in English Pdf Life Story 1860

Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande Biography in English
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Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande Biography in English Pdf Life Story Famous Songs is decribed in this post of Online sangeet. Read Old Indian Singers Lyrics Writers Music Composer Directors Biography .


Shri Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande was born on the day of Krishna Janmashtami on 10 August 1860 at Balkeshwar in Bombay province.

Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande Life Story in English Pdf

Early life-

  • While not a professional musician himself, his father, who worked for an affluent businessman, ensured that Vishnu Narayan and his siblings received an education in classical music.
  • In 1884, Bhatkhande became a member of Gayan Uttejak Mandali, a music appreciation society in Bombay, which broadened his experience with music performance and teaching.
  • He studied at the Mandali for six years and learned a variety of compositions in both khayal and dhrupad forms under musicians such as Shri Raoji bua Belbagkar and Ustad Ali Hussain.
  • Music was still something of a leisurely pursuit for Bhatkhande until 1900 when his wife died, followed, in 1903, by the death of his daughter.
  • This led to him abandoning his law practice and devoting his full attention to music.


  • He got inspiration to learn music from his father who had immense love for music. Therefore, he continued to take music education along with school education.
  • He took lessons in sitar, singing and flute and practiced well in all three.
  • Learned singing from Seth Ballabhdas and Gururao Bua Belbathkar, Muhammad Ali Khan of Jaipur, Pandit Eknath of Gwalior, Kasbe Ali Khan of Rampur etc.
  • B.A. in 1883 and L.A. in 1890. Passed the examinations of L.B. He kept on practicing for some time, but the great lover of music did not feel like practicing. Leaving advocacy, engaged in the service of music.


  • Bhatkhande traveled throughout India, meeting with ustads and pandits, and researching music.
  • He began the study of ancient texts such as the Natya Shastra and Sangeet Ratnakara.
  • During his travels in India, he spent time in the then princely states of Baroda, Gwalior, and Rampur.
  • In Rampur he was the disciple of legendary veena Player Ustad Wazir Khan, a descendant of Miyan Tansen.
  • Bhatkhande travelled to South India, arriving in Madras  in 1904. With the help of local contacts he began to familiarise himself with the world of Carnatic music.
  • Bhatkhande’s first published work, Swar Malika, was a booklet containing detailed descriptions of all prevalent ragas.
  • In 1909, he published “Shri Mallakshaya Sangeetam” in Sanskrit, under the pseudonym ‘Chatur-pandit’.
  • Bhatkhande wrote all of his works under one of the two pseudonyms, Vishnu Sharma and Chatur pandit.


  • Giving attentions to Indian Classical Music by All Musicians , The credit goes to Pt. Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande .
  • He toured different parts of the country and discovered the ancient texts of music.
  • Wherever he found a scholar of music in the journey, he gladly went to meet him.
  • He collected many songs of different ragas and kept his swarlipi Hindustani Sangeet system, serial book series in 6 parts and kept an immense store for music lovers.
  • Bhatkhande ji composed a simple and new swarlipi to script functional music, which is famous as Bhatkhande swarlipi. It is simple and understandable as compared to others.
  • Apart from this, the credit goes to Bhatkhande ji for propagating a new type of raga classification – Thaat raga classification.
  • He scientifically divided all the ragas into 10 thaats. The raga ragini system was prevalent in his time. He understood its shortcomings and used that in its place and considered Bilawal as pure that instead of coffee.
  • Understood the need for music conferences for the promotion of music and successfully organized the first music conference in 1816 with the help of the King of Baroda. In that conference, the proposal to establish All India Music Academy was passed unanimously. Due to his efforts many music schools were established. The main ones are – Maris Music College, present name Bhatkhande Sangeet Mahavidyalaya Lucknow, Madhav Sangeet Vidyalaya Gwalior and Music College Baroda.

The list of the main books composed by him is as follows –

  • Hindustani Sangeet Paddhi (Kramik book series in 6 parts)
  • Bhatkhande Sangeet Shastra in 4 parts
  • Abhinav Raag Manjari
  • Lakshya Sangeet
  • Swarmalika.

Institutions –

  • Bhatkhande started schools and colleges in India for systematic teaching of Hindustani music.
  • In 1916, he reorganized the Baroda Rastriye Sangeet Vidhyalay a , and later, with the help of the Maharaja of Gwalior, established the Madhav  Sangeet Mahavidhyala in Gwalior.
  • Bhatkhande prepared the Hindustani Sangeet Kramik Pustak Maalika as a series of tex tbooks.
  • He also started the tradition of the All India Music Conferences to provide a common platform for discussion between Hindustani and Carnatic classical musicians.


In this way, Bhatkhande ji continued to serve music throughout his life and he died on 19 September 1936. Actually Vishnu Digambar Paluskar and Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande were complementary to each other. One put the grand form of music in front of the public and the other provided the eyes of knowledge to see it. Along with music, both these personalities will also remain immortal.

Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande Biography in English

Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande Biography in english pdf is available on online sangeet .

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Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande Biography in English Pdf Life Story Famous Songs is decribed in this post of Onlinesangeet. Read Old Indian Singers Lyrics Writers Music Composer Directors Biography.

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Question Related to Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande

What is the Date of Birth And Place of Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande ?

10 August 1860 at Balkeshwar in Bombay

When did Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande die?

19 September 1936

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