Varn In Music In English Indian Music Theory

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Varn In Music In English
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The different order of the musical notes  and the process of singing is called varna.

Types of Varna –

  • Sthai varna
  • Aarohi varna
  • Avarohi varna
  • Sanchari varna

Varn In Music In English

Sthai Varn

When a musical swar is pronounced more than once, it is called sthai varna eg .- Re Re , Ga Ga Ga , Ma Ma etc .

Aarohi Varna –

The climbing sequence of musical swars or in ascending order is called Aarohi varna eg. –  Sa Re Ga Ma.

Avarohi Varna –

  The descending order of the musical swars is called the Avarohi varna .

Eg – Sa* Ni Dha Pa

Sanchari Varn –

The mixed form of the above three varnas is called the Sanchari varna. In this, sometimes the musical swaras goes up and sometimes swar is repeated again and again. In other words, ascending, descending and sometimes repeatation appear in the sanchari . Example – Sa Sa Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Pa Ma Pa Ga Re Sa .

Any song composition have sanchari varn mixed of all varn . Let see the National Anthem compostion –

In the first line of national anthem –

Aarohi – Sa Re , Re Ga Ma

Sthai – Ga Ga Ga Ga Ga Ga

Varn used . And the whole composition is made with the all varns .

National Anthem –

Jan / gan / man / adhi / nayak  / jaya hai

Sa Re /  Ga  Ga /  Ga  Ga / Ga  GaGa  –  Ga Ga  / Re  Ga  Ma  –   /

Bharat  / bhagya  / vidhata / pun              

Ga  – Ga  GaRe  –  Re /  Re  .Ni   Re  Sa –  /  –  –  Sa –  /


jab  / shindhu  / Gujarat /  maratha

Pa  –  Pa  / Pa   –  Pa /  Pa  Pa    Pa   –  Pa  /  PaPa   Ma (tDhaPa Ma    /

Dravid / utkal / banga

Ma  –  Ma  MaMa  –   Ma  Ga   /  Re   Ma   Ga  —  / –   –   –    –  /


Vindhya  /  Himachal  / Yamuna  / Ganga

Ga  –  Ga  /  Ga   Ga  –  Ga   Re  / Pa   Pa  Pa   /  Ma  –   Ma   –  /

Uchchal  /  jaladi / Taranga 

Ga  –  Ga  Ga  /   Re  Re    Re /  Re   .Ni   Re  Sa  – /   –   –  –  –


Tav  / subh  name / jaage

Sa  Re  / Ga  Ga   Ga  –  Ga  –  /   Re  Ga  Ma   – /   –  –  –  –  /


Tav  /  subh  aashish  / mage 

Ga  Ma  / Pa  Pa   Pa   –  Ma  Ga  /  Re  Ma  Ga –  /  –  –   –  –   /


Gahe  /   tav  jaya  / gatha  /   jan 

Ga  –  Ga –  /  Re  Re  Re  Re  / .Ni  Re  Sa – /   –  –  Pa Pa  –

Gan   /  mangal   / dayak   / jaya hai

Pa  Pa   / Pa  –   Pa  Pa    / Pa  –  Pa  Pa   / Pa  Ma (t) Dha Pa Ma  –

Bharat   / bhagya   /  vidhata

Ma  –  Ma  MaMa  –   Ma  / Ga   Re   Ma   Ga  —  / –   –  

Jaya hai   /  jaya  hai   / jaya hai 

Ni  Ni  Sa*  –  –  –   /   Ni  Dha   Ni   –   –  –  /   –  –   Pa  Pa  Dha – –

Jaya / jaya  / jaya  / jaya  hai    

Sa Sa/   Re  Re  /  Ga  Ga /  Re  Ga  Ma  –   –   –  

Click Here For Other Topics In Indian Music Theory

What is the definition of character in music?

The different sequences of vowels, that is, movements are called varnas and the act of singing is called varnas.

Types of Characters in Music? How many types of characters are there?

There are four types of characters.
permanent character
ascending character
descending character
communicative character