Man Singh Tomar Biography in English Pdf Life Story 1486 – 1516

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Man Singh Tomar Biography in English
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Man Singh Tomar Biography in English Pdf Life Story Famous Songs is decribed in this post of Online sangeet. Read Old Indian Singers Lyrics Writers Music Composer Directors Biography .

Birth Details –

Place – Gwalior

Date of Birth – 1486

Marital Status – Married



Man Singh Tomar Life Story in English Pdf

Man Singh Tomar Biography in English

Family –

Father – Raja Kalyanmal Tomar

Wife – Queen Mrignayani

Early life –

• Raja Mansingh Tomar is considered to be the father of Gwalior Gharana in music. Mansingh Tomar ruled till the second half of the fifteenth century and the first half of the sixteenth century (1485 -1526). Many musicians were appointed in his court. Notable names are Bakhsu, Charju, Bhagwan, Ramdas etc. He was not only a music lover, but a great scholar of music and a great musician.

• He tested the changing taste of the public and invented a new singing style – Dhrupad. In this way he protected the tradition of another classical music and on the other hand attracted the public towards music.

•Mansingh Tomar composed a music book called ‘Mankautuhal’ in which he threw light on music science and also gave some music notations .

•Some of the verses given in these are composed by Mansingh, which gives an idea of his literary knowledge. In 1673, Fakirullah translated this book into Persian language and named it ‘Sangeet Darpan’. Fakirullah has praised Mansingh’s talent and musical knowledge. He has even written that it is God’s grace that Mansingh Tomar is such a king who invented Dhrupad. The birth of such a genius in the future is impossible. Regrettably, the original copy of ‘Mankautuhal’ is no longer available.

Personal Life  –

•Maharaja Man Singh Tomar was born to Raja Kalyanmall, the Tomar Rajput ruler of Gwalior.He ruled for over 30 years. In his years the Tomar sometimes feuded with and were sometimes allies with the sultans of Delhi.

•Amongst other women, he married Mrignayani. Tomar built Gujari Mahal as a palace for her, as a monument of love for Mrignayani.

• Tradition has it that as a queen, Mrignayni, was very beautiful and courageous woman. She was not allowed to sit with other queens because of her lower caste, so she asked for a separate palace for herself named (Gujari mahal).

•Tomar was a great warrior and great patron of music. One of the nine gems of his court was the Hindustani classical musician Tansen. He was patron of Dhrupad genre from Hindustani Classical Music.

Conflict with Sikander Lodi –

•The newly crowned Man Singh Tomar was not prepared for an invasion from Delhi, and decided to avoid a war by paying Bahlul Lodi a tribute of 800,000 coins .

  •  In 1489, Sikandar Lodi succeeded Bahlul Lodi as the Sultan of Delhi. In 1500, Man singh provided asylum to some rebels from Delhi, who had been involved in a plot to over throw Sikander Lodi.

•The Sultan, wanting to punish Man singh, and to expand his territory, launched a punitive expedition against Gwalior. In 1501, he captured Dholpur, a dependency of Gwalior, whose ruler Vinayaka-deva fled to Gwalior.

Sikander Lodi then marched towards Gwalior, but after crossing the Chambal River, an epidemic outbreak in his camp forced him to halt his march. Man singh used this opportunity to reconcile with Lodi, and sent his son Vikramaditya to the Lodi camp with gifts for the Sultan.

• He promised to expel the rebels from Delhi, on the condition that Dholpur be restored to Vinayaka-deva. Sikander Lodi agreed to these terms, and left. Historian Kishori Saran Lal theorizes that Vinayaka Deva hadn’t lost Dholpur at all: this narrative was created by the Delhi chroniclers to flatter the Sultan.

•In 1504, Sikander Lodi resumed his war against the Tomaras. First, he captured the Mandrayal fort, located to the east of Gwalior. He ransacked the area around Mandrayal, but many of his soldiers lost their lives in a subsequent epidemic outbreak, forcing him to return to Delhi.

•Sometime later, Lodi moved his base to the newly established city of Agra, which was located closer to Gwalior. He captured Dholpur, and then marched against Gwalior, characterizing the expedition as a jihad.

• From September 1505 to May 1506, Lodi managed to ransack the rural areas around Gwalior, but was unable to capture the Gwalior fort because of Manasimha’s hit-and-run tactics. A scarcity of food resulting from Lodi’s destruction of crops forced Lodi to give up the siege. During his return to Agra, Manasimha ambushed his army near Jatwar, inflicting heavy casualties on the invaders.

• Having failed in capturing the Gwalior fort, Lodi decided to capture the smaller forts surrounding Gwalior. Dholpur and Mandrayal were already in his control by this time.

• In February 1507, he captured the Uditnagar (Utgir or Avantgarh) fort lying on the Narwar-Gwalior route.

• In September 1507, he marched against Narwar, whose ruler (a member of the Tomara clan) fluctuated his allegiance between the Tomaras of Gwalior and the Malwa Sultanate. He captured the fort after a year-long siege.

• In December 1508, Lodi placed Narwar in charge of Raj Singh Kachchwaha, and marched to Lahar (Lahayer) located to the south-east of Gwalior. He stayed at Lahar for a few months, during which he cleared its neighbourhood of rebels.

• Over the next few years, Lodi remained busy in other conflicts. In 1516, he made a plan to capture Gwalior, but an illness prevented him from doing so. Man singh died in 1516, and Sikander Lodi’s illness also led to his death in November 1517.

Palaces –

•The 15th century Gujari Mahal is a monument of love by Raja Man Singh Tomar for his queen, Mrignayani. After he had wooed her after promise to fulfill her three wishes.

• Mrignayani demanded a separate palace with a constant water supply from the River Rai, she demanded to be always with the king in war. The outer structure of the Gujari Mahal has survived in an almost total state of preservation, the interior has been now converted into an archaeological museum.

• With in Gwalior Fort, Man Mandir Palace also built by Man Singh Tomar, between 1486 CE and 1517 CE.

• The tiles that once adorned its exterior have not survived, but at the entrance, traces of these still remain.

• Vast chambers with fine stone screens were once the music halls, and behind these screens, the royal ladies would learn music from the great masters of those times.

Other Information  –

• Died Date -1516

• Place – Gwalior

Man Singh Tomar Biography in English

Man Singh Tomar Biography in english pdf is available on online sangeet .

Click here for Man Singh Tomar Famous Songs sargam notes in English

Man Singh Tomar Biography in English Pdf Life Story Famous Songs is decribed in this post of Onlinesangeet. Read Old Indian Singers Lyrics Writers Music Composer Directors Biography.

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Question Related to Man Singh Tomar

When and where was Man Singh Tomar born?

Place – Gwalior
Date of Birth – 1486

What was the name of Man Singh Tomar’s father?

Father- Raja Kalyanmal Tomar

Who invented Dhrupad?

Raja Man Singh Tomar invented a new singing style – Dhrupad. In this way he protected the tradition of another classical music and on the other hand attracted the public towards music.

Who composed the music book named “Mankautuhal”?

Mansingh Tomar composed a music book named ‘Mankautuhal’ in which he threw light on music science and also gave some vocal scripts.

Who translated the music book “Mankautuhal” into Persian language? And how was ‘Sangeet Darpan’ created?

In 1673, Fakirullah translated the music book named “Mankautuhal” into Persian language and named it ‘Sangeet Darpan’. Fakirullah has praised Mansingh’s talent and musical knowledge. He has even written that it is God’s grace that Mansingh Tomar is such a king who invented Dhrupad. The birth of such a genius in the future is impossible. Regrettably, the original copy of ‘Mankautuhal’ is no longer available.

When did Man Singh Tomar die?

• Died Date -1516
• Place – Gwalior

Who was the patron of Dhrupad among the nine gems of Man Singh Tomar’s music?

Tomar was a great warrior and a great patron of music. One of the nine gems of his court was the Indian classical musician Tansen. He was the patron of the Dhrupad style of Hindustani classical music.

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